Aztec Calendar End Of The World
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Aztec Calendar End Of The World
- The Aztec calendar is the calendar system that was used by the Aztecs as well as other Pre-Columbian peoples of central Mexico. It is one of the Mesoamerican calendars, sharing the basic structure of calendars from throughout ancient Mesoamerica.
- biggest consumers of energy in homes and buildings, which are heating
- global: involving the entire earth; not limited or provincial in scope; “global war”; “global monetary policy”; “neither national nor continental but planetary”; “a world crisis”; “of worldwide significance”
- people in general; especially a distinctive group of people with some shared interest; “the Western world”
- All of the people, societies, and institutions on the earth
- Denoting one of the most important or influential people or things of its class
- The earth, together with all of its countries, peoples, and natural features
- universe: everything that exists anywhere; “they study the evolution of the universe”; “the biggest tree in existence”
- A final part of something, esp. a period of time, an activity, or a story
- Used to emphasize that something, typically a subject of discussion, is considered finished
- bring to an end or halt; “She ended their friendship when she found out that he had once been convicted of a crime”; “The attack on Poland terminated the relatively peaceful period after WW I”
- A termination of a state or situation
- either extremity of something that has length; “the end of the pier”; “she knotted the end of the thread”; “they rode to the end of the line”; “the terminals of the anterior arches of the fornix”
- have an end, in a temporal, spatial, or quantitative sense; either spatial or metaphorical; “the bronchioles terminate in a capillary bed”; “Your rights stop where you infringe upon the rights of other”; “My property ends by the bushes”; “The symphony ends in a pianissimo”
aztec calendar end of the world – Maya Cosmogenesis
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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The 2012 phenomenon comprises a range of eschatological beliefs according to which cataclysmic or transformative events will occur on December 21, 2012. This date is regarded as the end-date of a 5,125-year-long cycle in the Mesoamerican Long Count calendar. Various astronomical alignments and numerological formulae have been proposed as pertaining to this date, though none have been accepted by mainstream scholarship.
A New Age interpretation of this transition is that this date marks the start of time in which Earth and its inhabitants may undergo a positive physical or spiritual transformation, and that 2012 may mark the beginning of a new era. Others suggest that the 2012 date marks the end of the world or a similar catastrophe. Scenarios suggested for the end of the world include the arrival of the next solar maximum, or Earth’s collision with a black hole, passing asteroid or a planet called "Nibiru".
Scholars from various disciplines have dismissed the idea of such cataclysmic events occurring in 2012. Professional Mayanist scholars state that predictions of impending doom are not found in any of the extant classic Maya accounts, and that the idea that the Long Count calendar "ends" in 2012 misrepresents Maya history and culture. Astronomers and other scientists have rejected the proposed events as pseudoscience, stating that they are contradicted by simple astronomical observations.
Main article: Mesoamerican Long Count calendar
December 2012 marks the conclusion of a b’ak’tun—a time period in the Mesoamerican Long Count calendar which was used in Central America prior to the arrival of Europeans. Although the Long Count was most likely invented by the Olmec, it has become closely associated with the Maya civilization, whose classic period lasted from 250 to 900 AD. The writing system of the classic Maya has been substantially deciphered, meaning that a corpus of their written and inscribed material has survived from before the European conquest.
Unlike the 52-year Calendar Round still used today among the Maya, the Long Count was linear rather than cyclical, and kept time roughly in units of 20: 20 days made a uinal, 18 uinals (360 days) made a tun, 20 tuns made a k’atun, and 20 k’atuns (144,000 days or roughly 394 years) made up a b’ak’tun. Thus, the Mayan date of 188.8.131.52.15 represents 8 b’ak’tuns, 3 k’atuns, 2 tuns, 10 uinals and 15 days.
There is a strong tradition of "world ages" in Mayan literature, but the record has been distorted, leaving several possibilities open to interpretation. According to the Popol Vuh, a compilation of the creation accounts of the K’iche’ Maya of the Colonial-era highlands, we are living in the fourth world. The Popol Vuh describes the gods first creating three failed worlds, followed by a successful fourth world in which humanity was placed. In the Maya Long Count, the previous world ended after 13 b’ak’tuns, or roughly 5,125 years.[Note a] The Long Count’s "zero date"[Note b] was set at a point in the past marking the end of the third world and the beginning of the current one, which corresponds to 11 August 3114 BC in the proleptic Gregorian calendar.[Note c] This means that the fourth world will also have reached the end of its 13th b’ak’tun, or Mayan date 184.108.40.206.0, on December 21, 2012.[Note c] In 1957, Mayanist and astronomer Maud Worcester Makemson wrote that "the completion of a Great Period of 13 b’ak’tuns would have been of the utmost significance to the Maya". In 1966, Michael D. Coe wrote in The Maya that "there is a suggestion … that Armageddon would overtake the degenerate peoples of the world and all creation on the final day of the 13th [b'ak'tun]. Thus … our present universe [would] be annihilated [in December 2012][Note d] when the Great Cycle of the Long Count reaches completion."
Coe’s interpretation was repeated by other scholars through the early 1990s. In contrast, later researchers said that, while the end of the 13th b’ak’tun would perhaps be a cause for celebration, it did not mark the end of the calendar. "There is nothing in the Maya or Aztec or ancient Mesoamerican prophecy to suggest that they prophesied a sudden or major change of any sort in 2012," said Mayanist scholar Mark Van Stone. "The notion of a "Great Cycle" coming to an end is completely a modern invention." In 1990, Mayanist scholars Linda Schele and David Freidel argued that the Maya "did not conceive this to be the end of creation, as many have suggested." Susan Milbrath, curator of Latin American Art and Archaeology at the Florida Museum of Natural History, stated that "We have no record or k
End of the world
aztec calendar end of the world
• Shows the connection between cosmic evolution and actual human history
• Provides a new science of time that explains why time not only seems to be speeding up in the modern world but is actually getting faster
• Explains how the end of the Mayan calendar is not the end of the world, but a path toward enlightenment
The prophetic Mayan calendar is not keyed to the movement of planetary bodies. Instead, it functions as a metaphysical map of the evolution of consciousness and records how spiritual time flows–providing a new science of time.
The calendar is associated with nine creation cycles, which represent nine levels of consciousness or Underworlds on the Mayan cosmic pyramid. Through empirical research Calleman shows how this pyramidal structure of the development of consciousness can explain things as disparate as the common origin of world religions and the modern complaint that time seems to be moving faster. Time, in fact, is speeding up as we transition from the materialist Planetary Underworld of time that governs us today to a new and higher frequency of consciousness–the Galactic Underworld–in preparation for the final Universal level of conscious enlightenment. Calleman reveals how the Mayan calendar is a spiritual device that enables a greater understanding of the nature of conscious evolution throughout human history and the concrete steps we can take to align ourselves with this growth toward enlightenment.